Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that occurs in genetically predisposed (identified genes are HLA-DQ2 & HLA-DQ) people that can occur from infancy into adulthood. Gluten in the system (specifically gliadin) causes an autoimmune reaction which creates inflammation in the body & specifically in the small intestines. The inflammation in the small intestines flattens & damages villi which is responsible for absorbing nutrients and vitamins.
In a study done in 2004 the latest figures showed the prevalence of Celiac disease in US is 1:250 – 1:150 . It is still thought to be very under-diagnosed but rates are increasing due to screening even with out ‘classical’ symptoms or any symptoms at all (asymptomatic).
Symptoms of celiac disease may include:
- no energy
- menstrual abnormalities
- low or slow growth in children
- neurological issues are now just being noted (can be similar to MS)
- ulcers of the mouth
- lactose intolerance
- iron deficiency
- weight loss or weight gain
- undiagnosed celiac disease increases the prevalence of cancer in the small intestine and/or small bowel)
- dermatitis herpetiformis
- multiple miscarriages
- unexplained infertility
Up Next: Diagnosis & TreatmentShare This Post: Tweet